Brief History of High-Skilled Immigrants Act
The fairness of High Skilled Immigrants Act was discussed during a February 13, 2013 Senate Hearing. If you recall, the Bill was introduced to the House in September 2011 and subsequently passed in November 2011 by the U.S. House of Representatives. It has subsequently been stalled by the Senate. However, during a Senate Hearing Senator Lee, a Republican from Utah stated he will be introducing the bill in the Senate.
What is the purpose of this Act?
The purpose of the Fairness of High Skilled Immigrants Act is to “amend the Immigration and Nationality Act to eliminate the per-country numerical limitation for employment-based immigrants, to increase the per-country numerical limitation for family-sponsored immigrants, and for other purposes.”
Who will be affected under this Act?
As many are aware, the per country limitations is a complete disaster. By a simple review of the Visa Bulletin, you will see that a skilled worker in the Employment Based Green Card category of EB3 from India has over a 10 year wait time. In other words, an employer will commit to an employee from India who has the equivalent of a U.S. Bachelor’s degree by offering the EB3 worker from India a permanent job offer. The employer will go through the rigorous process of PERM (Labor Certification) undertake thousands of dollars in advertising costs and attorney fees, obtain an approval, file an I-140 petition to prove the merits of the case, obtain an approval, and then be stalled for 10 years. The employer is on hold and the employee is on hold and forced to go through H1B renewal after renewal incurring substantial costs. The green card wait time for other employment based green card categories are not significantly better, an EB2 employee from India has an average of 9 year wait time and someone from China generally has a 5 year wait time in EB2 Preference Category.
Will lifting the per-country cap on employment based green card solve the backlogs?
The reason for this backlog is because of INA Section 201, “Worldwide Level of Immigration” This section of the Immigration Act limits the amount of Immigrant Visas available worldwide and by country. In other words, each country is capped at 7% of the worldwide level of available Immigrant Visas. The Department of State reports that “immigrant visa issuance during fiscal year 2013 are limited by the terms of INA 201 to no more than 226,000 in the family-sponsored preferences and approximately 154,000 in the employment-based preferences.”
My reading of the Fairness for High Skilled Immigrant Act does not increase the amount of worldwide Immigrant Visas available each year, but rather lifts the per country cap.
Is the pie big enough for all the demands?
Another suggestion that has been made during this time of Comprehensive Immigration Reform is awarding permanent residence to persons earning a U.S. Master’s Degree or Ph.D from a University in the U.S. in the field of STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics). Logically thinking, there will be a frenzy of applicants enrolling in U.S. universities for fields within STEM. This is a great idea, however if the worldwide limits are not increased for Immigrant Visas, we will still maintain the same backlog. I am not a Mathmetician, but more demand for the same size pie (i.e. no increase in the amount of worldwide Immigrant Visas) is doomed to create the same long wait times that we are currently experiencing. I applaud the ideas for reform but as Senator Grassley said in the February 13 Senate Hearing, “I’m going to start with a quote from then chairman, Sen. Simpson of WY made on 1981 as we started down a 6years road of 1986 bill. Just as congress is about to undertake an overhaul of the immigration reform system, his words are relevant today. Since I was elected to the Senate, I have served on this committee. I voted for the 1986 amnesty bill because I believed it was a one-time solution to the problem. I was wrong. I applaud the movement by members to work towards an agreement. I have read the Senate bi-partisan framework. One line that struck me: “we will ensure that this is a successful permanent reform that will not need to be revisited” that sentence is the most important part of that document. We must learn from our previous mistakes so we don’t have to revisit the problem…”
So let’s get this right this time around. Let’s involve mathematicians and statisticians to estimate the amount of supply and demand needed to eliminate backlogs that make our country less competitive and deter the brightest minds from being able to stay and Immigrate to the U.S.
By Attorney Gerald Cipolla
*Cipolla Law Group is a full service immigration law firm located in downtown Chicago. Our Immigration lawyers have over 25 years of combined experience and excellent proven records to help businesses and individuals obtaining their visas and green cards. If you are looking for an experienced immigration lawyer, please contact us today.